Aquarium tanks are used to house fish and other organisms. An aquarium is simply a tank of any size containing at least one transparent side where live animals or aquatic plants are included. Fish keepers use aquariums, freshwater fish, saltwater fish, marine fish, invertebrates like crustaceans and squid, and amphibians like snakes and turtles. The number of species that can be contained in an aquarium depends on the size of the tank, the species of the fish, and the availability of the required land area. Aquariums can range from a few gallons for a fish tank to a full-scale aquatic installation.
Reef aquariums are extremely popular due to the fact that they provide a range of different looks and conditions for fish. Reef aquariums simulate the habitat of many different types of fish species that exist in natural environments. Some reef aquariums also hold other live aquatic organisms like coral reefs, fauna, and decorative rocks and plant life. Reef aquariums are very versatile and there are an abundance of different designs available for these tanks.
Many people choose glass aquarium tanks because they give a stunning look and appearance. Glass aquariums do require special cleaning and maintenance and the maintenance may not be easy because they are usually exposed to high levels of light and pollution. However, if you are interested in installing one of these glass tanks, you should know that you should get help from professionals who are skilled at handling glass tanks. Glass aquarium tanks are expensive and require regular maintenance and cleaning.
Other important aspects of aquariums include the water filtration system that they contain. Water filters are important for keeping aquariums clean and bacteria free. You should choose the size and type of filter that suits your aquarium. Different types of aquariums require different types of filters, so it is best that you discuss your needs with an expert and a pet store employee who can help you select the right type of filter.
Many freshwater aquarium owners do not understand the importance of good water quality or the importance of a good biological filtration system. A good biological filtration system can completely eliminate nitrates from the tank, which cause an ammonia spike. Ammonia spikes can be detrimental to the health of inhabitants in the aquarium. An aquarium that experiences too much ammonia spikes can actually kill fish because they cannot metabolize ammonia properly. A good biological filter can significantly lower the ammonia level in the aquarium tank and prevent ammonia spikes.
Biological filtration can be either mechanical or chemical. Mechanical filtration involves removing small pieces of food and debris every so often. This is done through pumps and filters. Chemical filtration is used to remove nitrate chemicals from the water that are harmful to both the fish and the aquarium as a whole.
The mechanical method of filtration is usually referred to as sand filtration. Sand filtration involves using filters that spin and filter particles from the bottom up. Sand particles are very small and need to be centrifuged very quickly to remove them from the water flow. When the water flow is slow enough, the nitrate chemicals are trapped inside the tiny grains of sand, preventing them from being released into the water. This process also deactivates the anaerobic bacteria that live in the gravel.
Chemical filtration is sometimes referred to as sub micron filtration. It is generally less effective than sand filtration because it uses particles that are smaller than water molecules. Chemical filtration is most commonly used for freshwater fish tanks that are under a few inches in size and will not affect the oxygen concentration of the water. Some chemicals like chlorine are deadly to fish, so you should only use these chemicals under the supervision of an expert. Chemical filtration does not eliminate the bacteria that inhabit your aquarium, but it reduces the amount of pollutants produced by these bacteria which in turn reduces the amount of pollutants your tank will hold.